Book Code: 122 / Major: Archology ,

A History of Persian Architecture in the Islamic Period

Author: Mohammad Yūsef Kiani, PhD
Number of Pages: 232
Fifteenth Print: 2014 Published:1998

The rise of Islam in the seventh century AD transformed the basis of many ancient countries and civilizations and also its power and authority increased in Western Turkistan and Punjab on the one side and Spain on the other. So that due to fundamental transitions in aforementioned lands, the art and civilization of the ancient Asia, North Africa and even a part of Europe mutated and the foundation of Islamic art which was a composite of the subjugated nations and Islamic culture were laid. The formation of Islamic art coincides with the rise of the Umayyeds in 41 AH (After Hijra) and was influenced by the relocation of the governing centre from Medina to Damascus. This made the Muslims acquainted with the Persian and Roman arts. Since then, the art of the Umayyad period which was a hybrid of the neighboring lands’ arts found a new way.

The Islamic architecture, over a span of a thousand and four hundred years, in addition to being affected by factors such as religion, politics, economy and geographical position, has had a different style and method in each period. To further clarification, the Islamic architecture has been subdivided to distinct periods as follows; Islamic architecture from the beginning to the Saljuqids, from the Saljuqids to the Teymūrids, and from the Safavids to the present.

The first chapter gives general information about architecture and topics related to it e.g. the function of the buildings, the applied technique in construction and ornamentation, as well as building materials. The second, third and fourth chapters deal with the architectural shifts and modifications in the above periods. The fifth chapter addresses the issue of the religious and secular constructions such as the Imam Reza (AS) mausoleum and Ganj-I ali khan complex.

Each chapter also includes the ground plans and colored as well as black and white pictures.

A selection of common terminologies in architecture and bibliography come at the end of the book.

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